The Relationship Between Community‐Based Organisations and the Effective Management of Coastal and Marine Resources in the WIO Region

Dates: 2007 – 2010

Authors: Rosemarie Mwaipopo, Eleanor Fisher, Innocent Wanyonyi, Patrick Kimani, Joseph Tunje, Flower Msuya, Vivian Bashemerewa

Participating Institutions: University of Dar-er-Salaam

Funding Organisation: Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association (WIOMSA) Marine Science for Management Grant (MASMA)

Description: This study examined the relationship between Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) and marine and coastal resource management in the Western Indian Ocean Region. It explored what roles CBOs play in relation to natural resource utilisation and whether they have an ability to act effectively as community managers of these resources. The research focused on CBOs in the coastal zone of Kenya and Tanzania.

The specific objectives of the study were to:

  • Document the types of CBOs existing in coastal areas of Kenya and Tanzania and how they have developed
  • Capture the internal dynamics and capacities of different CBOs
  • Consider the connections between CBO activities and natural resources in coastal and marine areas
  • Examine whether CBOs can mediate community diversity and dynamics to act as a force for integration around coastal resource management
  • Highlight the relationships between different CBOs and external institutional structures and governance processes
  • Identify whether CBOs engage in activities that constitute ‘natural resource management’ and to consider whether these activities are ‘effective’  


Read the Evaluation of CBOs Effectiveness